an international initiative of states and provinces along the western rim of North America to combat climate change caused by global warming. Partners include: the U.S. states of Arizona, California, Montana, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, and Washington, and the Canadian provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec.
a program (the VCS Program) developed to provide a global standard and validation and verification program for voluntary Greenhouse gas offsets.
emission reductions that are created outside of the procedures and methodologies for Certified Emission Reductions (CERs) defined by the Clean Development Mechanism of the Kyoto Protocol. International companies trade in these reductions.
United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
the total number of purchases of a commodity during a specific period of time (trading period) typically reported as the total transactions for one trading day.
is a unit of weight equal to 2,000 pounds (around 907.18474 kg). Primarily used in the United States.
see indirect carbon sequestration
Credits issued for an afforestation or reforestation project activity under the CDM that expires at the end of the commitment period following the one during which it was issued. tCERs are issued for the net anthropogenic Greenhouse gas removals by sinks achieved by the project activity since the project start date.*
The Climate Registry a voluntary system where companies can register their emissions.
A powerful global warming pollutant that is primarily used in electrical transmission systems, in electronics, and in insulation products.